In class, we have been learning about Biomes and their climates and adaptations. Morley and I have been studying Botswana and its climate. We are building a website about Botswana and making a diorama. I have been writing specifically about termites. Termites are a big population in Botswana and every Savanna in Africa. The scientific name for termites is Isoptera and their classification is phylum Arthropoda. Termite colonies last 50 years, and they mostly eat mold, decaying wood, and grass, all which are organic matter. There are 2700 termites species that are known in science. Termites have an extremely complex system in the mound they live in. The system consists of a queen who supplies new termites and helps keep the mound safe. The queen can lay thousands of eggs and live for 45 years. As the queen becomes more pregnant, the worker termites take the babies to a nursery. The construction of the mound is mostly made out of dung, soil mixture, and termite saliva. The inside of the mound has holes that let in fresh air.
Termites are helpers in Botswana. Termites are decomposers and help the flora and fauna grow. Termites share many features with insects in general. Termites have a dark head with no waist between the thorax and abdomen. The non-queen termites have thin skin, never develop wings, and are blind.These attributes make them very vulnerable and major prey to insects. Their predators are shrews, aardvarks, and ants. The top of the mounds consists of a chimney that has an inner passage that a connected to the nest part of the mound. This chimney also is a helpful way of keeping the air perfectly temperate and ventilated. In the main nest part, there is a cultivated fungus that the termites grow themselves. On the outer base, they have tunnels that travel to the outside and also into the mound. Termites have unique jaws that saw and grinds up wood and hard matter. The limiting factor of termites is climate change and humidity. That will make less plant growth, and the termites will eventually die off.
how many can live in a mound?
how old can they get?
d0 they sleep?